Not the Only Attractions in Slovakia!
Below listed attractions in Slovakia are only a few attractions which are the best in terms of that they are the longest, largest, oldest and any adjective-est compared to those in Europe or in the World. For the full information about the beauties in Slovakia, check out the Tourism section of the left sidebar. We recommend to read and see Castles in Slovakia, experience Water tourism in Slovakia, know about UNESCO sights and other great experiences in Slovakia.
St. Apostle Altar in Church of St. Jacob – The largest wooden altar in the world
The biggest wooden altar in the world is a part of the Church of St. Jacob (Kostol sv. Jakuba) that is located in a small but historically rich town – Levoča. This roman-catholic church belongs to the most important sacral buildings in Slovakia. The church was built during the 14th century and it was originally gothic. Firstly it was built as a part of an older church; the Gothic St. George chapel was constructed at the same time. The tower of the Church of St. Jacob from the 19th century belongs to the most beautiful attractions and characteristics of Levoča. The interior of the church creates a unique museum of medieval sacral art.
There are 18 lateral altars in the church; Late-Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque ones. The main altar of St. Jacob – the St. Apostle Altar is the highest gothic altar in the world. It was made from lime wood by Master Paul from Levoča in 1507-1517 (Majster Pavol) who perfectly managed the geometrical harmony of gothic architecture. The whole work consists of a great system of triangles and circles what creates an extraordinary balance. Characteristic is the huge artistic value of the carvings and board paintings by the painter Hans.
Spiš Castle – The largest castle complex in Europe
200 meters above the surrounding land, located on a dolomite rock, lies one of the most precious cultural monuments – Spiš Castle (Spišský hrad). It is situated in a region called Spiš, above the town of Spišské podhradie and the village Žehra. It is evidence of a huge architectural development from the 12th to 18th century and with its area of 41426 m2 – one of the largest castles in Central Europe.
History of the castle is very rich. It was built in the 12th century and soon became a political, administrative, economical and cultural centre of Szepes county. Through its history it had many owners such as Hungarian kings, the Szapolyai family, the Thurzo family, the Csaky family. Since 1945 Spiš Castle is owned by Slovakia.
Kremnica Mint – One of the oldest continuously producing companies in the world
One of the oldest continuously manufacturing companies worldwide – Kremnica Mint (Kremnická mincovňa) is situated in a small town called Kremnica.
Kremnica was promoted to a free royal town by Hungarian King Charles Robert of Anjou on 17th of November in 1328, the same year the Kremnica Mint was established. First coins were made of gold with a purity of 23 carats and 9 grains and were historically known as “ducats”. They were considered as the hardest currency in Central Europe, as Kremnica ducats were characterized by high level of purity and quality.
Seven centuries long experience is obvious nowadays too; production of Kremnica focuses beyond coins and medals, manufacturing includes plaques, tokens, pendants, tie pins, awards, labels and other products. Kremnica Mint manufactures coins for Slovak National Bank, but because of having the necessary capacity it supplies many other countries worldwide.
Janko Kráľ Orchard – One of the oldest public parks in Europe
Janko Kráľ Orchard (Sad Janka Kráľa) is located in the northern part of Bratislava – Petržalka. It is bordered by Danube, the Old Bridge (Starý most) access road, the New Bridge (Nový most) access road and the main road.
Janko Kráľ Orchard was established in 1774–1776 to create a public park. Since it was under great influence of Baroque classicism, the walks were set up in the shape of an eight-pointed star. The park is full of different types of trees; alleys are called according to the corresponding species of trees.
The prominent architectural structure in the park is the Gothic tower that was built in the early 15th century. After a huge damage of the top of the tower caused by earthquake in 1897 the tower was rebuilt in Neogothic style. Statue of Janko Kráľ is situated in the heart of the park.
Ochtinská Aragonite Cave – The only aragonite cave in Europe
There are only 3 aragonite caves worldwide; one in Mexico, one in Argentina, one in Slovakia. Ochtinská Aragonite Cave (Ochtinská aragonitová jaskyňa) is situated in southern part of the country, near to Rožňava. It is only 300 meters long, but still very significant because of its aragonite filling. The cave was discovered by Jan Bystrický in 1954 and it has been opened to public in 1972.
The most attractive part of the cave is Milky Way Hall with its characteristic oval formations. It is called this way thanks to its long crack in the ceiling fulfilled by formations of white aragonite that shine like stars on the Milky Way.
Dobšinská Ice Cave – One of the biggest ice caves in Europe
Dobšinská Ice Cave (Dobšinská ľadová jaskyňa) is an amazing ice cave in Slovakia, situated close to the mining town of Dobšiná, in Slovak Paradise mountains, and 130 meters above the river Hnilec. Total length of the cave is 1483 meters (according to some sources – 1232 meters), of which 515 meters are open to public from May to September. It is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list as a part of Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst site.
The cave was discovered by a royal mining engineer Eugen Ruffinyi in 1870. Before that, the entrance was known as Cold Hole (Studená diera). Just one year after the discovery it was opened to the public. By installing electricity already in 1887 it became the first electrically lit cave in Europe.
The cave descends from the entrance which is situated in the northern part of the peak Duča. The average temperature is around 0°C. The interior cools off during the winter. Also during the summer the warm air cannot fall down to the cave.
Botanic garden on Lomnický Peak – The highest situated botanic garden in Central Europe
Botanic garden on Lomnický Peak (third highest peak in Slovakia – 2633 meters above the sea level) is the highest situated botanic garden in Central Europe; more than 2500 meters above the sea level.
Despite of the very high altitude and low temperature there are many unusual plant species growing there. Visitors can also admire an unforgettable panoramic view of High Tatras.
Wooden Bridge in Kolárovo – The longest wooden bridge in Europe
The wooden bridge in a small town called Kolárovo in the south of Slovakia is the longest bridge in Europe built entirely from wood. The bridge over the river Malý Dunaj is 2.25 meters wide and 86 meters long.
Originally there was a similar bridge that was destroyed by floating ice blocks. Local conservationists rebuilt the original bridge according to the memories of local people. They succeeded to make a record by finishing the new bridge in 9 days. The longest bridge of its kind, even longer than the original one, is ready since 1992.