What is Genealogy?
Genealogy, also known as family history, is an exciting hobby for millions of people worldwide. It is when you try to find your roots (in this case, your roots from Slovakia) and set up your family tree.
The goal of this page on Slovak-Republic.org is to provide the best tools for people looking for genealogy and family history in Slovakia, regardless of whether you are an experienced genealogists or you just want to try it.
First of all you need a full name (with the right Slovak pronounciation!) and a date of birth of the person you want to find out about. If you know when exactly he/she got married, that helps too.
You have a few big registers and archives in Slovakia: parish registers, obituaries, birth record registers or the national Slovak archives, which are situated in bigger cities like Bratislava the capital, Banská Bystrica, Bytča, Nitra, Košice, Levoča and Prešov.
It is also good to know where were your relatives born in Slovakia so that way it is much easier to find out which register department they are more likely to be found in. The copy of the certificate will cost 1.65 euro.
In case that you are searching for an aristocratic member you can reach up to the 13th century the rest can be around year 1700. All documents after 1895 are stored at the Town Halls. Just relatives or a person entrusted can have a look at them.
Genealogical Research in the Slovak Republic
There is a genealogical research done by the National Archives of the Slovak Republic. Such research is based on vital statistics registers (of birth, marriage and death) and can provide you with information about names of searched persons, date and place of their birth, marriage and death, information about their parents, their parents’ professions (only those listed on the Birth Certificate), names of their wives or husbands and names of the witnesses to the marriage (only those listed on Marriage Certificate), cause of death (only that listed on Death Certificate), etc.
Genealogical research can be done with respect to documentation older than 50 years. As far as vital statistic records of birth, marriage and death are concerned, only records up to the year 1900 are located in the Archives.
Research can be done either in the form of a running account or in the form of individual vital statistic records. Applications for both kinds of research were on the website of Ministry of Interior. It was recommended that you complete the applications in capital letters or by typewriter and indicate all important information to start the research (name of the person searched, date and place of birth). The date of birth can be approximate -; (+/-; 3 years). Attaching copies of personal documents issued in the Slovak Republic to the application might contribute to the success of the research.
In the application you could also ask for photocopies or microfilms of the records. Requests for heraldry can be presented, as well as requests for personal research in the Archives.
The completed application should be sent directly to:
- Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic (Ministerstvo Vnútra Slovenskej Republiky)
- Odbor Archivníctva a Spisovej Služby
- Krížiková 7
- 811 04 Bratislava
- The Slovak Republic
No deposits are necessary. After completion of the research you will receive a notice directly from the Ministry, or from a firm authorised to collect the payment from applicants, and upon the receipt of your payment the report will be sent to you. The fee for the research is calculated on an hourly rate and difficulty of the research. In your application please specify the limit you wish to place on research charges.
- Genealogical research in the form of a running account is based on information about one ancestor. From this information it is possible to trace the parents of the searched person and, under certain circumstances, his or her brothers and sisters (if they were born in the same locality). In order to begin genealogical research about descendants of a known ancestor it is, however, important to know the date and place of his or her marriage or the date and place of birth of the children. Genealogical research always depends on the accuracy of the information specified in the application. In certain exceptional cases it is possible that the report will be very limited or completely negative. For this reason, please indicate everything which could help to identify the person searched for.
- Genealogical research in the form of individual vital statistics records is a step-by-step procedure. It is, from the applicant’s point of view, more time consuming.
- Please pay attention to the identification of the exact location of the place of birth, marriage and death. If this information is incorrect, it will be impossible to receive a positive report. Certain localities (small villages, settlements etc.) can have exactly the same or very similar names. These names could have changed during recent centuries. For these reasons it is highly recommended that you try to find the name of the county, parish, post office, bigger town or other identifiable locality (identification within the large area of Slovakia, Austro-Hungary is not sufficient).
- Because vital statistics records were administered during the last centuries by several churches, the same localities could have several registers. Although the registers of the Roman Catholic Church were dominant, in certain localities other churches may also have been important. In light of this fact, the religion of the person searched is very important to mention in the application.
- If your research concerns Bratislava or bigger cities in Slovakia, you should specify the part of the city where the person searched for was born, married or died.