Archaeology has demonstrated the existence of man in the territory of Slovakia from the Middle Paleolithic Era (200,000-35,000 B. C.). Museum in Poprad presents a unique find from G√°novce – a travertine casting of the skull of a Neanderthal man. Displayed in the Slovak National Museum in Bratislava is the “Moravian Venus”, a fascinating sculpture more than 22,800 years old.

In the Bronze Age (1,900-700 B. C.) the territory of Slovakia was a significant European center of bronze production. To this period is ascribed the oldest known stone architecture in Slovakia, the round bastions, walls and houses from the Iron Age (700-500 B. C.), exhibit the influence of Greek civilization from the Black-Sea region and from the Etruscan culture of the south.

The first coins in Slovakia were made by the Celts who entered the region from the west in the fifth century B. C. As they expanded here they encountered the Dacians coming from the southeast.

Shortly before the birth of Christ, the Roman Empire spread to the Danube, north of which were settled the Germans who created the first known state on the territory of Slovakia, the Regnum Vannianum. Garrisons were maintained in Slovakia and the Romans built fortresses and settlements. For four centuries, Slovakia was the border between the “civilized” and “barbarian” elements of the Antique, Celtic, Dacian and German cultures.

In the era of the migrations of peoples (5-6 century A. D.) the Gauls and the Langobards passed through Slovakia on their way to Northern Italy. From the Danube plains, the nomadic Huns threatened western and southern Europe during the fifth century.