The permanent residence permit entitles the foreigner to reside in the Slovak Republic, make trips abroad and return to the territory of Slovakia within the time he was granted a permanent residence by the police department.

The police department based on an application will grant a permanent residence for five years (the “initial approval”), first. After five years, upon a next request the police department gives permission to reside permanently (called ‘additional authorization”).

Initial Approval of the Permanent Residence

Police department will grant a foreigner the first permanent residence permit:

  • if he is a spouse of a citizen of the Slovak Republic with permanent residence in the Slovak Republic or dependent direct relative of the Slovak Republic’s citizen with permanent residence in the Slovak Republic
  • to a single child under 18 years vested in the personal care of a foreigner who is married to a citizen of the Slovak Republic with permanent residence in the Slovak Republic
  • to a single child who is younger than 18 years with the foreigner’s permanent residence permit or a child under 18 years vested in the personal care of a foreigner with permanent residence permit,
  • to a dependent child over 18 years with the foreigner’s permanent residence permit or
  • if it’s in interest of the Slovak Republic.

The police department grants the first permit to a foreigner who is a single child under 18 years vested in the personal care of a foreigner who is married to a citizen of the Slovak Republic with permanent residence in the Slovak Republic or a single child under 18 years vested in the personal care of a foreigner with permanent residence and if the parent whom the child was entrusted to the personal care and has the right to meet with that child agrees on merger.

The application for the initial approval should be submitted in person at the Embassy of Slovakia or at the Police Department.

Documents Needed for Application

First of all, the foreigner should have these documents:

  • the application – given on an official form,
  • valid passport,
  • photo – 3 pieces of the same picture with dimensions 3 x 3.5 cm, showing applicant’s current look.

Also, documents that are not older than 90 days and confirm:

  • financial liability of the foreigner – should be shown with the amount equal to the minimum living wage of Slovakia (around 350 euro) for each month of stay (foreigners younger than 16 years at half rate). For such a document shall be considered:
    • sworn declaration of spouse or parent, that the applicant provide material security for the entire stay,
    • extract from the personal account showing the financial institution in Slovakia on the applicant’s name,
    • employer’s confirmation of the amount of earned income.
  • the purpose of stay:
    • Slovak marriage certificate or birth certificate of the child, an official document of entrusting the child to education, certificate of permanent residence of the alien and his sworn declaration that he agrees with immigrated alien,
    • confirmation that the alien was not for the entire period of stay of the debtor contributions to health insurance, sickness insurance or unemployment, and that the filing date does not tax and custom arrears of debt, if staying temporarily for the purpose of business, or employment for more than 10 years,
    • document certifying permanent residence of the person calling on immigration,
    • notarised statement from the person to which the alien applying for immigration belongs to to cover the costs of the applicant’s livelihood not to burden the social security system of the Slovak Republic,
  • no criminal record in any country that the foreigner has lived in for the last two years, as well as for the country of origin and also Slovakia,
  • accommodation – for such a document shall be considered:
    • contract with the owner or user of the apartment, substantiate the deed,
    • certified statement from the landlord who is providing the accommodation.
  • health insurance needed for the time of staying in Slovakia and a proof that he/she doesn’t suffer from a disease which threatens public health, within 30 days of entry.

The representative office or police department may require a proof that he/she is not a burden on the social security system of the Slovak Republic.

The Police will decide on applications for initial approval within 90 days of the request, particularly in complex cases, this period may be extended up to 90 days.

Additional Authorization of the Residence Permit

Police department will grant an additional authorization to a foreigner who:

  • has been granted the first permit (initial approval)
  • who
    1. has the temporary residence permit for employment purposes and his previous ongoing temporary residence lasted for at least five years immediately before the permanent residence application,
    2. has the temporary residence permit for business purposes and his previous ongoing temporary residence lasted for at least five years immediately before the permanent residence application,
    3. is a family member (not the husband or wife) of the foreigner who has been authorized a temporary residence for business or employment purposes and has temporary residence permit for at least five years immediately before the permanent residence application,
    4. is married to a foreigner with the permanent residence permit and has been granted the temporary residence permit for at least five years immediately before the permanent residence application, or
    5. is a lone parent who takes care of a foreigner with permanent residence permit and has been granted temporary residence permit for at least five years immediately before the permanent residence application.
  • has ceased to another permit on the grounds for the additional authorization.The foreigner has been granted with long-term residence or resided 6 years outside of Slovakia or it was canceled because he permanently stayed outside European Economic Area for 12 consecutive months;
  • is a child of the foreigner younger than 18 years old with foreigner’s permission of the second permit.

Application for Additional Authorization

Additional authorization application must be handed in in person on the official form for the police department, for an applicant who is disabled in any form and therefore can not apply in person, a family member can do it for him. The police department gives confirmation of receipt.

For an application for further authorization the foreigner must provide a passport and photographs (see above). If the foreigner does not have a travel document the police department will not accept the request for additional authorization.

The police will decide on applications for additional authorization within 90 days upon receipt. The initial permit or temporary residence permit will be accepted until the decision on applications for additional authorization has been made.

Termination of the Residence Permit

The residence permit shall expire if:

  • the foreigner does not enter the territory of Slovak Republic, within 180 days of authorization to reside,
  • the foreigner decides on termination of his stay in writing sending it to the police,
  • the foreigner’s initial approval has expired and he hasn’t requested an additional authorization,
  • the foreigner has been sentenced to expulsion,
  • the foreigner was deported
  • the foreigner has been given the citizenship of Slovakia,
  • is a special case of further authorization or the foreigner has been granted with a long-term stay or he is living six years outside Slovakia, or
  • the police department set aside the foreigner’s permanent residence permit.

Abolition of the Residence Permit

The police will revoke the residence permit if:

  • becomes aware of facts which are grounds for rejection of application for a residence permit,
  • foreigner did not submit an evidence showing his health insurance during his stay in Slovakia and the proof that he is not suffering from any disease which threatens public health,
  • the foreigner without written notification to the police constantly staying abroad for more than 180 days
  • it’s been found that a foreigner got married to obtain the permanent residence permit,
  • the foreigner has been granted with the permanent residence permit for family reunification with his wife and their marriage has been dissolved within five years from the first authorization,
  • foreigner determined in 2nd and 3rd point in the other permit that he continuously resides outside the European Economic Area for 12 consecutive months or
  • the foreigner shall intentionally falsify or mislead any information or submit false documents.

This does not apply if the consequences of a permanent residence permit were unreasonable because of the abolition of the residence permit in particular with regard to private and family life of a foreigner.

The police in the decision to revoke the permanent residence gives the foreigner a reasonable period to leave the country, the longest is 30 days after the final decision.

Birth of a Foreigner in Slovakia

If a foreigner born in Slovakia or in another state of the European Economic Area, whose parent was granted with the residence permit, this parent can ask the police department for a residence permit of the same kind within 90 days after the birth of the child.

The parent shall attach these documents to the application:

  • child’s travel document or her own travel document in which the child is registered,
  • child’s birth certificate,
  • photographs of the child (see above),
  • proof of health insurance and proof of the child’s financial security,
  • proof of guaranteed accommodation.

If a parent of the foreigner born in the Slovak Republic or another country of the European Economic Area doesn’t requests for the residence permit, the parents have to ensure his/her departure within 90 days. Until a decision on the residence application a foreigner born in Slovakia or another country of the European Economic Area is deemed permitted.