There are 4 official Slovak symbols (note that Slovakian symbol is an incorrect expression) – Slovak Coat of Arms, Flag of Slovakia, Slovak Anthem and the Slovak State Seal. President’s symbol is not a Slovak state symbol!
Coat of Arms (Emblem)
Double silver cross allegedly symbolizes the tradition of St. Benedict, St. Cyril and St. Methodius, but in reality this is a Christian symbol for older resurrection of Jesus Christ, which was used in Byzantine Empire since the 9th century.
Three mountains represented on the coat of arms are – Matra, Tatra and Fatra, but it has an older heraldic origin. The original coat of arms of King Béla III. (1172-1196) was the double silver cross on a red field and nothing else. Later the double cross appears inserted to clay (1291), or the lower part has three or four roots. The form of triple rocks appear in the posterior coats of kings’ and queens’ arms, such as the Seal of Ladislaus V. (1305). Since the 14th century the today’s version of three hills has been used, originally gold or silver, then green, and blue since 1848.
Red Shield was the colour of many armorial attributes at the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century. It is not the bloody skies symbolizing the suffering Slovaks during Magyarization, as it is reported by some authors.
The flag of Slovakia consists of the Slovak tricolor and the Slovak coat of arms. The tricolor (from top to bottom – three equal horizontal stripes of white, blue and red) is derived from the original Slovak colours – red and white, and the Pan-Slavic tricolor – red, blue, white. Red, blue and white are the most used colors in flags and national emblems of Slavic countries.
More about Flag of Slovakia.
The song Nad Tatrou sa blýska (Lightning over the Tatras) was composed in 1844. The text was written by Ján Matuška on the melody of Slovak folk song Kopala studienku (She was digging a well). In 1920 the first strophe became a part of the Czechoslovak anthem. Since 1993 the Slovak anthem contains the first two strophes.
Slovak anthem metaphorically expresses the attitude of Slovaks to the situation during the Hungarian domination, points to the phase of national revival and the separation of Slovakia as a free and independent country after centuries of oppression.
Translation of the Anthem
Nad Tatrou sa blýska, hromy divo bijú, nad Tatrou sa blýska, hromy divo bijú.
Above Tatra bolts of lightning, thunderstorm pounds wildly. Above Tatra bolts of lightning, thunderstorm pounds wildly.
Zastavme ich bratia, veď sa ony stratia, Slováci ožijú, zastavme ich bratia, veď sa ony stratia, Slováci ožijú.
Let’s stop them brothers, they will be lost, Slovaks will rise alive. Let’s stop them brothers, they will be lost, Slovaks will rise alive.
To Slovensko naše dosiaľ tvrdo spalo, to Slovensko naše dosiaľ tvrdo spalo.
Our Slovakia was in deep sleep until now. Our Slovakia was in deep sleep until now.
Ale blesky hromu vzbudzujú ho k tomu, aby sa prebralo, ale blesky hromu vzbudzujú ho k tomu, aby sa prebralo.
But thunder’s lightning is shaking it to it’s revival. But thunder’s lightning is shaking it to it’s revival.
The Slovak state seal consists of Slovak coat of arms in the middle and a circle around it saying “SLOVENSKÁ REPUBLIKA” (means Slovak Republic). The small drawing underneath the coat of arms is a linden tree leaf, as linden tree is the national tree of Slovakia.
Slovak President’s Symbol – not a state symbol
On official occasions Slovak President uses the symbol of presidential office. This standard is not a state symbol of Slovakia, as many people think.
According to the Law 51/1993 the standard has a form of a red square from which the bottom three blue hills grow up with a white double cross, in the proportions of national emblem of Slovakia. White-blue-red frame starts with the white colour from the upper corner closer to the pole (upper-left corner on the image). The drawing of the sign is silver, silver line surrounds the red square and the whole standard.
The standard is used to designate a permanent or temporary residence of the President, as well as when carrying out presidential duties.