Almost 600 news servers wrote about Slovakia in the last 24 hours. Some of them blame us for turning EU down, some of them say we are heroes. There has been a lot of incorrect information in those articles, that is why we would like to point out the facts as they were/are here in Slovakia.

History background

  • Slovakia was part of the Medieval Hungary and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy untill the WWI.
  • In the years 1946-1989 Slovakia was part of the communist Czechoslovakia. In 1968 Soviet Union and other communist nations marched in Czechoslovakia to stop democratic changes – Prague Spring.
  • Slovakia became independent nation in 1993 after a peaceful so-called Velvet revolution in Czechoslovakia.
  • Slovakia was isolated from Europe in the mid 90s because of the well known Mečiar era (PM who acted almost as a dictator). The change came in 1998 with a new government.
  • Slovakia became a member of European Union on 1st of July 2003 after sticking to so-called Copenhagen criteria.
  • Slovakia became a member of Eurozone on 1st of January 2009 (adopted Euro as its official currency) after sticking to the Maastricht criteria.

Slovak politics background

The political system of the Slovak Republic is a parliamentary democracy. The results of last elections in June 2010 were: Smer – 34,8 %, SDKÚ – 15,4 %, SaS – 12,1 %, KDH – 8,5 %, Most-Híd – 8,1 %, SNS – 5,1 %. The bolded parties are/were in the coalition government.

SaS (Sloboda a Solidarita = Freedom and Solidarity) is a liberal party for free market driven economy and its leader and founder is Richard Sulík. The party was against the EFSF since the beginning, but they couldn’t do nothing against EFSF, since the EFSF didn’t need the aproval of eurozone parliaments.

Only the expansion of EFSF from 440 to 750 billions of euro needs the aproval of eurozone parliaments.

Facts

Our government did not really vote against EFSF expansion, 118 of the 150 MPs are in principle FOR the proposal.

Mr. Sulík’s SaS abstained from voting. They didn’t want to destroy the coalition but our PM insisted on both ESFS and the trust to be voted together.

SMER (opposition) also abstained because they knew Sulík will not vote and the government will break down. Right now there are discussions between SMER and other parties about the new vote. This new vote will definitely pass because SMER will vote for and only SaS and SNS will not. SMER will most likely demand new elections for this help.